Category: diazepam (Valium)

diazepam (Valium)

Diazepam

Diazepam, which was initially sold under the brand name Valium, is a benzodiazepine medication that has anxiolytic properties. Numerous problems, such as anxiety, seizures, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, muscle spasms, sleeplessness, and restless legs syndrome are frequently treated with it. Additionally, it could be administered during several medical operations to impair memory. It can be ingested orally, injected into the rectum, injected into a vein, injected into a muscle, or sprayed into the nose. Effects from injections into a vein might start in one to five minutes and extend for up to an hour. affects within 15 to 60 minutes when taken orally. Diazepam, which was initially sold under the brand name Valium, is a benzodiazepine medication that has anxiolytic properties.
Common Side Effects of This Medication

Moodiness and coordination issues are frequent side effects. [7] Serious adverse effects are uncommon [11]. [9] They include higher risk of seizures in people with epilepsy who use them too regularly, reduced breathing, and suicide. [9] [11] There may occasionally be anxiety or excitation. [14] [15] With repeated usage, tolerance, dependency, and withdrawal symptoms may develop. [9] After prolonged use, abrupt discontinuation can be potentially harmful. [9] Cognitive issues may last for six months or more after stopping. [14] It is not advised for use while nursing or while pregnant. [11] Its mechanism of action involves enhancing the gamma-aminobutyric acid neurotransmitter’s impact (GABA). [14]

Hoffmann-La Roche obtained the patent on diazepam in 1959. [9][16][17] Since its introduction in 1963, it has been among the most frequently prescribed medicines worldwide. [9] Between 1968 and 1982, it was the most popular drug in the US; more than 2 billion tablets were sold in 1978 alone. [9] With more than 5 million prescriptions written in 2019, it was the 117th most often prescribed drug in the US. [18] [19] The patent expired in 1985, and there are already more than 500 brands on the market. [9] It is listed as one of the Essential Medicines by the World Health Organization. [20]

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