Adderall and Mydayis are brand names for a four-salt amphetamine combination medication known as mixed amphetamine salts. The mixture is made up of equal amounts racemic amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, resulting in a (3:1) ratio between the two enantiomers of amphetamine, dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine. Both enantiomers are stimulants, but they differ enough from racemic amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which are marketed as Evekeo and Dexedrine/Zenzedi, respectively, to give Adderall a unique impact profile. Adderall is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It’s also utilized as an aphrodisiac and euphoriant, as well as an athletic performance enhancer, cognitive enhancer, and hunger reducer. It belongs to the phenethylamine class of central nervous system stimulants.
What is Adderall used for?
Adderall is a prescription medication that contains the stimulants amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which influence the body’s impulse control and hyperactivity. The medicine has been licensed by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Adderall was approved by the FDA in 1996, but it was first approved in 1960 under the name Obetrol, a medicine that reduced hunger. According to a PLoS One assessment by Florence T. Bourgeois and colleagues at Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, the FDA approved the medication for use in ADHD without clinical trials testing its safety in children.
Adderall XR, an extended-release version of Adderall, is available. Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine salts are also available in a generic form.
While the drug is licensed by the FDA for ADHD and narcolepsy, some doctors may prescribe it for unapproved, off-label applications. Treatment for sadness, anxiety, bipolar depression, and weight loss are among them.
Adderall may cause dependence, and it’s a controlled substance. Selling or giving away Adderall is against the law.
Working professionals and students can use Adderall without a prescription to get more work done, boost attention while studying, or get euphoric when combined with alcohol. It’s one of the most misunderstood ADHD medications. However, according to the Adderall drug label, overuse of this drug can result in significant cardiovascular problems or abrupt death.
This drug belongs to the amphetamine class of stimulants, which are extremely addictive and classified as controlled substances by the Drug Enforcement Administration.
Stomachache, anxiety, and decreased appetite are the most prevalent Adderall adverse effects.
How Does Adderall work?
Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, the two active components in Adderall, function by changing the levels of dopamine, adrenaline (also known as epinephrine), and norepinephrine in the brain.
The extended release formula lasts 8 to 12 hours, while the instant release formula lasts 4 to 6 hours.
Adderall’s immediate release formula lasts about 4 to 6 hours and the extended release (Adderall XR) lasts about 8 to 12 hours.
One of the most commonly prescribed ADHD drugs is Adderall. Neurotransmitter levels in people with ADHD are excessively stimulated. When used in conjunction with therapy, Adderall can help reduce excitement and improve function.
According to a meta-analysis published in the Journal of Attention Disorders, Adderall is beneficial in treating symptoms of ADHD such as hostility, disruptive conduct, impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity-impulsivity.
These neurotransmitters are in short supply in people with narcolepsy, making it difficult for them to stay awake and focused. By stimulating the brain and imitating the actions of neurotransmitters, Adderall can
help them stay awake throughout the day.
Adderall Dosage / How to take adderall
The instructions on how to take Adderall may be different depending on the condition being treated, the formulation of Adderall (regular or extended release) and a patient’s age. Medical providers may adjust the dosage over time or occasionally stop treatment to see how effective the medication is.
Patients should always take the lowest effective dose recommended by their health care provider.
Adderall comes in the following dosages: 5 mg, 7.5 mg, 10 mg, 12.5 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, and 30 mg.
Adderall XR comes in the following dosages: 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 25 mg, and 30 mg. Adderall XR isn’t approved for treating narcolepsy.
Any missed doses should be taken as soon as possible, but a patient should never take two doses at the same time to make up for a missed dose. If it’s just a few hours until the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with the next scheduled dose.
Avoid taking Adderall XR in the afternoon or evening because it can cause problems sleeping.
Dosage Recommendation for ADHD
Starting dosages range from 5 mg to 20 mg a day, depending on a patient’s age and whether the drug is immediate release or extended release. The drug label does not recommend Adderall in Children under 3 years old or Adderall XR in children under 6 years old.
Patients should take their medication exactly as prescribed, and should take it first thing in the morning to avoid insomnia. The medicine can be taken with or without food.
Adderall XR should never be crushed or chewed, but the capsule may be opened and sprinkled over applesauce. If taken with applesauce, it should be swallowed without chewing.